Hollandaise is an emulsion sauce, another family of French "mother sauces." I had to look at quite a few Hollandaise Sauce recipes to find the right one. It's an easy sauce to mess up, so I wanted to find good clear directions. This is from taste.com.
--3 Egg Yolks, at room temperature
--2 tbsp Water
--1 and 1/2 sticks Unsalted Butter, at room temperature, cut into 1 tbsp slices
--2 tbsp fresh Lemon Juice
--White Pepper (or Cayenne Pepper)
Place a heatproof bowl over a medium saucepan that is quarter-filled with water. The bowl should fit snugly into the pan without touching the water. Remove the bowl and bring the water to the boil over high heat. Uncover and reduce heat to very low so the water is barely simmering. It is important that the water is barely simmering while making the sauce - if it is too hot, the egg yolks will cook too much and the sauce will curdle. Place the egg yolks and the 2 tablespoons water in the heatproof bowl and place over the pan. Use a wire balloon whisk to whisk the mixture constantly for 3 minutes or until it is thick and pale, has doubled in volume and a ribbon trail forms when the whisk is lifted. Add the butter a cube at a time, whisking constantly and adding another cube when the previous one is incorporated completely. It should take about 10 minutes to add it all. If butter is added too quickly, it won't mix easily with the egg yolks or the sauce may lose volume. At the same time, it is important that the butter is at room temperature and added a cube at a time, so that it doesn't take too long to be incorporated - if the sauce cooks for too long, it can curdle. The sauce will begin to thin when you start adding the butter. However, once the emulsion is established (after about the third cube), it will begin to thicken again. It will continue to thicken as the remaining butter is added. Remove the bowl from the pan and place on a heatproof surface. The cooked sauce should have the consistency of very lightly whisked thickened cream. Whisk in the lemon juice and season with salt and pepper. Serve immediately.